Redirect Notice

If this is not where you expected to find yourself, this is because my university page has been abandoned and now redirects to here. The directory structure of the new page is different, so you have been directed to the top of the page. The visible structure of the page and its subpages are similar to the old one, so you should be able to find the resource you want. Send me email if you have trouble. The university page with its redirect will disappear in the next few months some time.

Overview of Randall Holmes's Home Page

Just so you know who you are really dealing with...

I'm (Melvin) Randall Holmes, a professor of mathematics at Boise State University in Boise Idaho since 1991. My research is in systems of set theory or combinatory logic related to Quine's set theory New Foundations, with a sideline in computer-assisted reasoning. I have a general somewhat more than amateur interest in the history and philosophy of mathematics, particularly mathematical logic.

This is a version of my home page under my own control. It largely mirrors but does not exactly mirror my former university home page. It will contain some material found in my page at the university which will appear familiar; other material (either outdated or inconvenient to import to the new location) will not be reproduced. The original page is now redirected to here (queries to most subdirectories of the original page will come right here, because the internal structure of this page is different). Queries to my Loglan resources at Boise State will go to the root Loglan page here.

Here is my very ancient personal data page, which is not very serious and has a lot of broken links because it is ancient and needs to be fixed.

You can see my curriculum vita curriculum vita (with publication list)

Here is the universal set bibliography (an expansion of the bibliography of Forster's NF book). I have an obligation to do some updating here.

Here is a largely outdated blurb about my NF activities, which I preserve for revision.

Here is my old home page for New Foundations, which is referenced here just so I can go in and fix it. It is very old...

Here is my new separate page on the artificial language Loglan.

Set theory textbook

Here are the notes from M502, Logic and Set Theory, which constitute my logic textbook under construction. My elementary set theory book using NFU which has been published is discussed below.

Teaching Stuff --Fall 2020

Theorem Proving Projects

NF Consistency Proof

I have discovered the consistency of New Foundations -- it is like custard!: Jesse Holmes

I have claimed since 2010 to be in possession of a proof of the consistency of Quine's set theory New Foundations. I maintain various versions of this proof here: every now and then I have had to declutter this space. The proof is complex and I freely admit to having severe problems with seeing how to present it.

Here is a fresh version from April 2020. I am hoping this will be a bit easier to follow than earlier versions; I do some clearly indicated foreshadowing of impossible things that turn out to be all true in the end, which might help with motivation when I am doing the honest construction.

Here is a purported draft of the proof of the existence of a model of tangled type theory (and thus of Con(NF)).

As of 3/25/2017, I provide a key to versions. (I) is an ancient version which I preserve because Nathan Bowler's group read it. (II) is the version first submitted to a journal. (IIa) corrects some problems with (II) that I found when preparing (III). (III) is a version with a considerably simplified argument which has been presented to the journal as replacing (II). (IIIa) is a version of (III) with a local correction to one argument. (IV) is a further version with a simplified version of the construction of set parents already suggested in (I).

These numbered versions are all quite old now, and I would recommend sticking to the April 2020 version.

If you have an amateur philosophical interest in NF, I do not think it likely that you will get anything out of these very technical and not yet very polished documents (in any version), and I am not likely to answer your questions about them. Be advised that in my opinion (which I know is not universal) the famed NF consistency problem has nothing at all to do with philosophical issues which Quine's set theory might be taken to address: I think that NFU addresses these issues to exactly the same extent and its consistency and mathematical strength have been settled issues since 1969.

Here is the talk I gave on New Foundations to the department at Boise State on September 10, 2013. Philosophical interests in NF might be served by these slides, and also by the notes on Frege's logic which appear below.

Here (theslides.pdf) are the notes for the talk I gave at the University of Hamburg on June 24, 2015. These have now been extended to a (quite long) full discussion of the proof -- this was done by incorporating a large final segment of the current version of the paper, which needs to be further formatted and cut.

This is my most recent explicitly philosophical essay about Quine-style set theory.

I have removed a lot of links to various drafts in constructing the new page. Such drafts still exist on my university computer but are not present here. You may inquire about them if necessary.

My published book is available on-line in a corrected edition

Look Mom, I wrote a book! (jumps up and down)

I have permission from my publisher to post a revised version of my book Elementary Set Theory with a Universal Set (which has gone out of print) online. This PDF version is the result of a first pass through the text in November 2012 with the aim of preparing an official online second edition. I thank my publishers for their kindness in allowing me to maintain an online version, both to conveniently publicize error corrections and to make the work available now that it is out of print.

Communications about errors and infelicities would be very welcome!

Drafts of Current Work (and not so current work)

Here are some notes on category theory in NF, a current preoccupation of mine. Here is another draft on the same subject.

Here is a talk I gave recently to the local seminar on resolving the paradoxes in NFU. There isn't anything very novel about it: it was really intended as an example to address questions by a philosopher about whether discussions of avoidance of the paradoxes are explanations of why we regard a theory as reliable (the usual way in which resolutions of the paradoxes in NFU are discussed is not really motivated in this way). Here are some notes about foundations in type theory and NF(U) which are altogether more serious in intent, although they should be regarded as a negative indexed draft which might contain genuine howlers ;-)

Here is the brief demonstration that parameter-free Zermelo set theory is the same as full Zermelo set theory: parameterfree.pdf

Here is my submitted draft (2018) on representation of functions in third order logic (this paper has appeared). Here are the slides for my BEST talk about this.

Here find an outline of a proposed approach to semantics for the Principia Mathematica (PM) of Russell and Whitehead using the type and substitution algorithms in my paper on automated polymorphic type inference in PM. Here find some notes on PM with page references related to the same analysis.

Here find an essay on the ontological commitments of PM and why substitutional quantification does work there and doesn't save you from serious ontological commitments. The flavor of my remarks is admittedly rather bad-tempered; a great deal of nonsense is written about PM.

Here find an outline of how to fix the foundational system of Frege using stratification in the style of Quine. Here find another approach to the same subject. Here find a computer implementation of these ideas.

Here find my current notes on Dana Scott's lovely and weird result that ZFC minus extensionality has the same strength as Zermelo set theory.

Here is the May 19th 2011 (submitted) version of the paper I am writing about Zuhair al-Johar's proposal of "acyclic comprehension", with Zuhair and Nathan Bowler as co-authors, a perhaps surprising reformulation of stratified comprehension.

Here is the submitted (2020) draft of the paper I am writing about a simpler form of symmetric comprehension equivalent to NF. Here is a companion piece describing a weaker version of symmetric comprehension which gives a theory inessentially stronger than NF3, with a model construction.

Here find the note submitted Dec 30 2013 on my result that the set H(|X|) of all sets hereditarily smaller in size than a set X exists, not using Choice. It is surprising to me that this is not an obvious result, but the references for partial results that I have been able to find are recent, so perhaps it is new.

Here find a summary of my thoughts on the correct default foundations in the style of Zermelo. In spite of being an NF-iste, I do think that Zermelo-style foundations are the best. However, I think that the axiom of replacement is so strong that it should not be part of the default foundations. In particular, I do not think that the axiom of replacement is justified by the intuition of the cumulative hierarchy; it is a far stronger principle.

Here is a version of my paper on the curious fact that the urelements in the usual models of NFU turn out to be inhomogeous, because the membership relation on the underlying model-with-automorphism of the usual set theory turns out to be definable in NFU terms. This version corrects a couple of annoying typos in the published version.

I should put a link to my SEP article on Alternative Axiomatic Set Theories here.

Here are the slides for a talk I gave for students at the College of Idaho, which includes a cleverly minimalist representation of the reals.

Here are my notes on efficient bracket abstraction. Here is a brief related note on eliminating bound variables from syntax.

Here is a very old note on Quine's calculus of concepts which perhaps should be dusted off. Here is another

Here is a note on defining equality as indiscernibility in NF and related theories.

Here is a letter of mine discussing the set theory of Ackermann. Here are some not very serious notes on a pocket set theory. Here is a later version (PDF file).

Repository of papers

Here find a rather disorganized directory of PDFs of my papers, some published versions and some late drafts.

Loglan, an artificial human language

The place to start...

For several years, I have been the "chief executive officer" (a grander designation than is perhaps appropriate) of The Loglan Institute, the nonprofit organization which attempts to guide the development of the artificial language Loglan. This language was originally proposed by James Cooke Brown in the 1950's as a vehicle for testing the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (look it up!) A specific peculiarity of this language is that it is (at least in intention) syntactically unambiguous: the official version of the language is unambiguously machine parsable. The language is intended to be highly logical: it is to some extent an implementation of first-order logic in a spoken language.

Here is the official web site of the Loglan Institute. Here is the mirror of the Loglan web site at Boise State. There is access to a wide variety of information, documents and software through these links.

Here is my new separate page on Loglan, where you can find pointers to my current Loglan projects.

Watson Theorem Prover Project

Here is the link to the page for my old theorem prover project Watson: Watson theorem prover page. I am planning to incorporate some features of this system into my current project. This project was funded for some time by the Department of Defense; I have not worked directly on it for years, but I have not forgotten about it entirely.

Education in Virtual Worlds?

Note the question mark. I'm not gung ho on this subject, but I have spent some time investigating the question of whether and how well mathematics (and other content) could be taught in online environments such as Second Life. I participated in the class Teaching and Learning in Second Life taught by Lisa Dawley in the Boise State Educational Technology Program in 2009 (?). I think a major (perhaps the major) technical problem with teaching math in SL has to do with the difficulty of freehand drawing in SL, and I developed a tool in Second Life which (almost) addresses this. In spring 2010 I taught a class in SL called Teaching Mathematics in Virtual Worlds, through the Educational Technology Department here. Here are the slides for a talk I gave about this class at the VWBPE conference in SL in 2011(?). I'm currently practicing my Loglan in weekly conversation meetings in Second Life, but not there much otherwise; I remain interested in doing some experiments on representing Calculus III concepts in the 3D virtual world.

The Strictly False Programming Language (frivolous)

I have designed an eccentric programming language (Strictly False) an extension of Wouter van Oortmerssen's elegant False programming language. The source (in Standard ML) is here and the documentation (PDF) is here.. Any BSU student who writes a program in False or Strictly False which does something interesting can come and see me for praise [you can get a DOS False interpreter off the site I cite; to run my interpreter (and my language is definitely more powerful), you need Moscow ML].

The Definition of Planet (frivolous)

Definitions are important to mathematicians, and fools rush in where angels fear to tread, so here find my modest proposal for the definition of "planet" with comments on why the definitions lately proposed by the IAU are not so good.